Health Disparities by Race and Ethnicity – Center For American Progress

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Alleviating stark disparities in health coverage, chronic health conditions, mental health, and mortality across racial and ethnic groups in the United States will require deliberate and long-term efforts.
Advancing Racial Equity and Justice, Building an Economy for All, Strengthening Health and Ending the Pandemic, Maternal and Infant Health, Mental Health, Racial Equity, Racial Equity and Justice, Women’s Health and Rights
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This fact sheet contains a correction.
The United States is home to stark and persistent racial disparities in health coverage, chronic health conditions, mental health, and mortality. These disparities are not a result of individual or group behavior but decades of systematic inequality in American economic, housing, and health care systems. This fact sheet sheds light on some of the most persistent inequities facing African Americans or Black Americans, Hispanic Americans or Latinx Americans, Asian Americans, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander Americans, and American Indians or Alaska Natives. Alleviating health disparities will require a deliberate and sustained effort to address social determinants of health, such as poverty, segregation, environmental degradation, and racial discrimination.
An African American or Black person is any individual with total or partial ancestry from any of the Black racial groups of Africa.
The federal government defines Hispanic or Latino “as a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race.”15
An Asian American person is an American with origins in any of the original peoples of East Asia, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent, including but not limited to China, Korea, India, and Pakistan.
A Native Hawaiian person is any individual with total or partial ancestry from the indigenous or aboriginal people of the Hawaiian Islands. A Pacific Islander is an individual with origins in any of the original peoples of Polynesia, Melanesia, or Micronesia, including but not limited to Guam, Samoa, Fiji, Palau, Tokelau, and the Marshall Islands.
An American Indian person is any individual belonging to the indigenous tribes of the continental United States. An Alaska Native person is any individual belonging to the indigenous tribes and villages of Alaska.
Sofia Carratala is the special assistant for Immigration Policy at the Center for American Progress. Connor Maxwell is a senior policy analyst for Race and Ethnicity Policy at the Center.
* Correction, May 11, 2020: Due to a web coding error, some of the figures in this online fact sheet were erroneously transcribed. They have been updated to match the accurate numbers in the corresponding PDF. 
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